the over-soul walden

A philosophy associated with Kant, holding that one must transcend empiricism or what is experienced in order to ascertain the a priori principles of all knowledge.
先验论:与康德有关的一种哲学,认为人必须超越经验主义或体验到的东西以探知所有知识的先验原则
A literary and philosophical movement, associated with Ralph Waldo Emerson and Margaret Fuller, asserting the existence of an ideal spiritual reality that transcends the empirical and scientific and is knowable through intuition.
超验主义:一种文学和哲学运动,与拉尔夫·沃尔多·爱默生和玛格丽特·富勒有关,宣称存在一种理想的精神实体,超越于经验和科学之处,通过直觉得以把握超越论;先验论;玄学transcendentalism in literature, philosophical and literary movement that flourished in New England from about 1836 to 1860. It originated among a small group of intellectuals who were reacting against the orthodoxy of Calvinism and the rationalism of the Unitarian Church, developing instead their own faith centering on the pinity of humanity and the natural world. Transcendentalism derived some of its basic idealistic concepts from romantic German philosophy, notably that of Immanuel Kant, and from such English authors as Carlyle, Coleridge, and Wordsworth. Its mystical aspects were partly influenced by Indian and Chinese religious teachings. Although transcendentalism was never a rigorously systematic philosophy, it had some basic tenets that were generally shared by its adherents. The beliefs that God is immanent in each person and in nature and that inpidual intuition is the highest source of knowledge led to an optimistic emphasis on inpidualism, self-reliance, and rejection of traditional authority.
The ideas of transcendentalism were most eloquently expressed by Ralph Waldo Emerson in such essays as “Nature” (1836), “Self-Reliance,” and “The Over-Soul” (both 1841), and by Henry David Thoreau in his book Walden (1854). The movement began with the occasional meetings of a group of friends in Boston and Concord to discuss philosophy, literature, and religion. Originally calling themselves the Hedge Club (after one of the members), they were later dubbed the Transcendental Club by outsiders because of their discussion of Kants “transcendental” ideas. Besides Emerson and Thoreau, its most famous members, the club included F. H. Hedge, George Ripley, Bronson Alcott, Margaret Fuller, Theodore Parker, and others. For several years much of their writing was published in The Dial (1840–44), a journal edited by Fuller and Emerson. The cooperative community Brook Farm (1841–47) grew out of their ideas on social reform, which also found expression in their many inpidual actions against slavery. Primarily a movement seeking a new spiritual and intellectual vitality, transcendentalism had a great impact on American literature, not only on the writings of the groups members, but on such perse authors as Hawthorne, Melville, and Whitman.超验主义,代表人物拉尔夫·沃尔多·爱默生
喜欢阅读
  • 末世之最强军团

    末世之最强军团

    穿越到平行世界,没想到末日降临,百分之八十的人类化作丧尸。甚至还有各种传说中的妖魔鬼怪的降临,什么……杀之可获得各种卡片?而且卡片中唯军团卡称尊。“你有传奇剑客军团?杀丧尸如屠狗?剑沉,让他们见识一下什么叫剑仙之威。”“你有忍者军团,非常强大?呵呵……区区蛮夷之物,也敢在我华夏放肆?五行军团,让他们体验一下什么叫真正的五行遁术!”“你有神枪手军团?一个军团可以灭掉数万丧尸?战争女神们,让他们感受一下什么叫绝望!”这是一个军团称霸的末世,获得幸运加身的楚青,则拥有着无与伦比的超级军团。

  • 萧少追爱小甜妻

    萧少追爱小甜妻

    他冷漠地看着她,声音没有一丝一毫的感情,“告诉我,我为什么要娶你?”她也想知道,她为什么要嫁给他?可她能不嫁吗?就算他再冷酷,再无情,再无理取闹,她也只能对着他笑,强颜欢笑也得笑,这是她的命。

  • 傲娇王爷宠上天

    傲娇王爷宠上天

    她穿越而来,带着父不详的孩子,嫁给了失忆的他。他是上京人人想嫁的的三王爷,亦是赫赫有名的三王爷,失忆娶了陌生的她,成了她肚子里包子的爹。楚亦冷:他的女人他保护,她的孩子他也宠。

  • 封少的专属闪婚妻

    封少的专属闪婚妻

    简家将要破产,简以沫被前男友送到合作伙伴床上。却未曾想,入错房间遇对郎。快速与大佬闪婚。婚后简以沫被宠成公主,她说要什么,就有什么。“boss夫人说要月亮!!”管家一脸忐忑,boss这次肯定不会由着夫人乱来了吧。“买下飞船,去月球!一天后出发!”

  • 逆天奇医

    逆天奇医

    新来的美女书记被毒蛇咬了,被吴小乐撞见,帮其吸了毒血,却意外得到了透视和诸多奇特能力……

  • 嫡女重生:一世繁华

    嫡女重生:一世繁华

    她是从地狱中爬出来的幽灵,带着满身的仇恨,护亲人,撕仇人。他是不可一世的镇国公世子,随着一次联盟,一颗心慢慢被她占据。试看两人会擦出怎样的火花,他的身世究竟隐藏着怎样的惊天秘闻。

  • 总裁大人,别放肆

    总裁大人,别放肆

    陆沁知道,霍氏家族作为本市最高贵冷艳的家族,父亲想和他家联姻促进经济发展,这完全可以理解,可是为嘛人家挑中了大小姐,却要让她这个从小不受待见的二小姐亲身上阵?这下好了,她一惹就惹到了霍家的两个男人,霍启廷:“想嫁给霍钧,还是嫁给我,嗯?”拜托这位大哥,您身为我未婚夫的舅舅,这道选择题没毛病?而霍钧:“舅舅,陆家给我换了老婆,你说我怎么办……”可不可以凉拌!陆沁内心在咆哮:我可是你舅舅的女人,想动我?没门!深夜,陆沁的窗户被撬开,某女懵逼。霍启廷俊颜在侧,十分养眼:“没门?我走窗户,可以?”

  • 我能沟通过去

    我能沟通过去

    突然接到十年前自己发来的短信。我居然能和十年前的自己沟通。我是不是要发了……我,张洛,打钱!

  • 猜你喜欢
    热门推荐
  • 朗读者 云盘
  • 砗磲是什么
  • python 参数
  • 乌龙院阿亮
  • 壳聚糖交联
  • 工程咨询服务内容
  • 中原中也
  • 马达转速测量
  • 新年好童谣
  • 网络兼职推荐
  • 熊二炮老婆
  • 解怎么读姓氏
  • dabj2017004
  • 日式婚礼流程
  • 流行趋势提案
  • 你猜的日语
  • 我等你哦图片
  • 湖北枝江李氏
  • 家装壁纸价位
  • 立式钢琴尺寸
  • All Right Reserved 知识库